Water Problems in Pakistan

Naseem Sheikh


Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent with a population in 2011 of  3,879,000,000 (3.8 billion). It covers 8.6% of the Earth’s total surface area (or 29.9% of its land area) and with approximately 4 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world’s current human population, But only about 36 percent of the renewable fresh water. So, even on a continental scale, it is clear that water is a serious constraint in Asia. China, India and Pakistan are three of the four top irrigators in the world, suffering serious water problems.asia

Pakistan has in most areas of agriculture a monsoon climate, and there might be abundant rainfall during the wet season and then a very long dry season where crop production depends very heavily on irrigation water. Groundwater is a very important source of irrigation for farmers. Ground water is being over-pumped extensively in order to meet current demands for food production but if our demands exceed that renewable supply, then we must be in the situation that we might be over-pumping groundwater to satisfy the demand, or taking too much water from the river basin systems. The result will be the  formation of salinity and barren land that in  the long run will cause food scarcity. Over-pumping of groundwater for agriculture, industry or domestic use comes at a sharp ecological price. It disrupts the natural hydrologic cycle,causes Rivers and wetlands to dry up, the ground to collapse and fish and wildlife and trees to die.

Water and agricultural sectors are likely to be the most sensitive to climate change. Fresh water availability is expected to be highly vulnerable to the anticipated climate change while the frequency and severity of floods would eventually increase in river deltas. The arid and semi-arid regions could experience severe water stress.

water 667 According to an estimate today 1.2 billion people lack safe drinking water and 2.4 billion lack access to basic sanitation. United Nations officials say that if we continue with business as usual, two-thirds of the world's population will be living in moderate to severe water stress by 2025. More than two billion people worldwide live in regions facing water scarcity and in Pakistan this is a particularly acute crisis. Millions of Pakistanis currently lack access to clean drinking water, and the situation is only getting worse. Pakistan has approximately 35 million acres (140,000 km2) of arable land irrigated by canals and tube wells, mostly using water from the Indus River.

Pakistan luckily had the largest irrigation system, but water losses from the systempakistan irrigation were the highest in the World, due to which its agricultural sector has been badly affected. At the same time the population of the country is increasing rapidly. Rapid industrialization is also playing an important role in the  reduction of agricultural sector.

Chashma, Mangla, and Tarbela are mainly use for irrigation purposes but the gross capacity of these dams has decreased because of sedimentation, a continual process. Per-capita surface-water availability for irrigation was 5,260 cubic meters per year in 1951. This has been reduced to a mere 1,100 cubic meters per year in 2006. The water shortage will cause a wheat deficit of 12 million tons per year by 2012–13.

1 comment

If you see any unhelpful comments, please let us know immediately.

skylark (anonymous)

We would like to introduce ourselves as Water Treatment & engineering services organization. As we are involved in all types of business related to water & waste water, since 10 years.
It is an established fact that supply of safe & clean water has become a problem all over the world especially in Pakistan. This is the reason that Water World Int’l offers standard line of products developed for a specific for ANY application or built to meet a supplied specification for that purpose over a period of decade. The company’s responsible engineering and designing services are key part of its success.

1. Reverse Osmosis Plant Manufacturer
2. Industrial Reverse Osmosis System
3. Domestic Reverse Osmosis Plant
4. Commercial Reverse Osmosis Plant
5. Sea Water Desalination System
6. Brackish Water Treatment Plant
7. Wastewater Treatment System
8. R.O Antiscalant Chemicals
9. Membranes Cleaning Chemicals
10. Mineral Water Plant
11. Water Softening System
12. Ultra Filtration System
13. Desalination System
14. Cartridge Filtration
15. Sand Filtration System
16. Ozonators and Systems
17. Ultra Violet Systems
18. Commercial and Domestic Purification
19. R. O Membranes
20. R. O Pressure Vessels
21. Chemical Dosing Pumps
22. High Pressure Pumps
23. Rota/Digital Flow meters
24. SDI Kits and spares
25. Water Quality Digital meters
26. Mineral Water
27. Demineralization
28. Softening through ions exchange
29. Filtration
30. Service, Maintenance, Consultants

Best Regards

Yasir Akram
0345 8889596
0314 5152800
SKYLARK ENGINEERING

Written in July 2013

Add a comment
  • to get your picture next to your comment (not a member yet?).
  • Posted on Jan. 24, 2012. Listed in:

    1 comment

    Pledge to do these related actions

    Use Green Products and Save the Environment , 1°

    Campaigns about going green are becoming popular in different parts of the world and many ...

    Support your local farmers' market, 1083°

    Locally-grown produce can reduce the amount of energy required to grow and transport the food ...

    Get your organinc fruit and vege through a co-op, 1°

    Take the time to have a look at different options for getting your fruit and ...

    Follow these related projects

    Shoot Nations

    Global, United Kingdom

    The Economics of Happiness conference

    Berkeley, California, United States

    Featured Companies & Orgs