Environmentalists, scientists, and wildlife experts all over the world laud a monster new land conservation deal in North America that bodes well for everything from biodiversity to global air quality to climate change.
In Canada, Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty recently pledged to protect 225,000 square kilometers (55 million acres) of the Far North Boreal Forest and has banned all mining and logging operations there. Can't wrap your mind around that amount of land? This portion, roughly half the entire boreal region, is about twice the size of England.
And this massive environmental achievement doesn't end with that half. The other portion of the forest is now protected under a sustainable development deal with native Canadians:
"The new plan would also require that mining and forestry companies consult early with aboriginal communities before starting any projects in the other half of the boreal forest, and give First Nations a share of revenues from new projects on their traditional lands anywhere in Ontario." - The Canadian Press
While the sheer size of the project represents a major coup for land preservation, there's even more at stake in the boreal forest.
Home to a crucial, remarkable ecosystem and the third largest wetlands system in the world, the boreal region helps moderate the global temperature and produces oxygen for the entire world. Plus, it holds over 80% of our planet's unfrozen freshwater supply.
Its most important role? The boreal forest is a key carbon sink for the entire world, a critical resource for an increasingly warmer planet.
Check out these facts:
"More than 186 billion tonnes of carbon are stored in the Canadian Boreal's trees, soils, water and peat -equivalent to 913 years' worth of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. . . . Naturally-occurring ecosystem services provided by the Boreal, such as carbon storage and water filtration, are worth 2.5 times more than the value of extracting resources such as minerals and timber." - Canadian Boreal Initiative
Preserving the boreal forest means keeping scores of wildlife communities intact, a boon for biodiversity. The region is a breeding ground for bird populations all over North America, including 40% of its migratory waterfowl, and caribou, black bears, and other large carnivores make the boreal forest their home, too.
The deal is the result of many dedicated groups across the continent, including First Nations, the Canadian Boreal Initiative and the Nature Conservancy. The vision, outlined in the Boreal Framework, also drew the attention of scientists everywhere, who recognized the forest's significance for the health of the entire planet.
Enormous in size and forward thinking in its scope, the preservation of the boreal forest is also a revolutionary step forward in sustainable land use. It will, according to some, change the entire concept of land conservation, which usually works in reverse:
"Instead of preserving small islands of beleaguered habitat in a sea of development, First Nations groups, industrial giants and environmental organizations have pledged to protect fully half of Canada's boreal forest in vast, interlocking reserves designed to safeguard natural and traditional cultural resources, with carefully planned, sustainable development on the rest. The idea is to plan reserves first, before all of the proposed development hits, rather than try to pick up the pieces afterward.
The project, known as the Boreal Forest Conservation Framework, was first proposed in 2003. In the face of exploding pressure on the boreal, it is nothing less than an attempt to turn the usual model for landscape conservation on its head." - Nature Conservancy
Back in the spring, the UN Biodiversity Conference highlighted the urgent need to preserve dying wildlife populations and depleted wild areas, as biodiversity forms the core of Earth's natural wealth. In that context, the Ontario government has made a priceless deposit into the global biodiversity bank for the rest of us.
- UN Biodiversity Conference Part I: Highlighting Wildlife Loss Around the World
- UN Biodiversity Conference, Part II: Protective Steps and Future Plans
- Brazilian Government Places Some of the Rainforest Under Protection - But is it Enough?
- Ecuador: Establishing the Rights of Nature